15.   Banjol, the island of Rab

The most popular traditional dance of the northern Croatian islands and Gulf of Quarnero is tanac. Mih (mijeh, misnice) - the double chanter clarinet type (with idioglot reeds) of aerophone instrument with the animal skin bag, usually accompanies the tanac dance. The mih has a wooden chanter with two single reeds hidden in the wooden funnel. There are various combinations of finger holes on the chanter; the most common combination on these islands is 6:3. The holes are stopped with the three fingers on each hand - from the index finger downwards. 

The tanac dances are complex dances that consist of various dance figures. Circle dancing interchanges with dancing in two lines or dancing in couples (around the circle). Characteristics of the dances are extensive rotation of the female dancers, fast mincing steps of the male dancers. Hand clapping is a common accompaniment for the some of the dance figures. Tvrtko Zebec, the author of various tanac dance studies of the island of Krk  sees the phenomenon of tanac dance in the culture of islanders as an important part of islanders identity as a result "of the social interaction and symbolic constructs of a community and/or processes of identification "(Zebec 2005:273).

The standard accompaniment for the Krk' tanac  is sopile, incidentally, a shawn type of instrument built in two sizes, vela sopela - big, mala sopela  – small, and played together in untempered parallel sixths or thirds.

The tanac figures presented in the video clip is scene of the informal gatherings during the winter dance season in the local hotel. At present, the tanac is mostly performed by organized folklore groups but also at the local weddings, social dance events, and Saint patron's day celebrations.


(file wmv, 1' 01", 801 Kb)

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