13.   (Kali) Preko, the island of Ugljan

Preko is one of several comparatively larger communities on the island of Ugljan. The island of Ugljan in Zadar archipelago, a part of the Central Dalmatia, is only a few kilometers away from the mainland. The traditional culture of this, as indeed of the most islands in the Zadar archipelago, is more typical of the Dinaric (traditional culture) region than of the Adriatic region to which it belongs geographically. The reason for this is the fluctuation of the population of the Dinaric region, which has been moving west towards the island and away from wars for centuries [42]. The older archaic layers of singing and especially the dancing of nijemo kolo (mute round dance, i.e., round dance with no musical accompaniment) in different variants of the 6/8 measure is typical elements of the music and dancing tradition of the Dinaric region. In the same time, these are the features of the traditional musical culture of the islands in the Zadar archipelago. There are several partitions in the kolo performing; slow pace part - kolanje (walking dance), faster pace part and fast and dynamically the strongest part of the kolo dance. There is occasional singing during the walking dance. The songs that the women perform are either a part of kolo, or they may be melodies that the women learned when they met with other folk groups. Song performed in Presko kolo is decasyllabic short form song [43]. The singing style constitutes a newer layer of two-part (diatonic) singing with fifths ending known as  pivanje na bas, the most popular traditional singing style all over Croatia. After pocimalja (lead singer) started the verse, everybody joins in the singing (lower voice).


Beside singing in kolo, people from Preko enjoy singing various songs. Their singing is quite different from the archaic singing of the neighboring village Kali. The short example of singing from Kali points out the difference in the singing style among two neighboring villages practically five minutes apart from each other [44].

The reason for that one can find in the social contact of the Preko inhabitants. Most of the women used to work as servants and laundresses (prieske lavandijere) in the nearby city of Zadar. Contact with other culture (urban, Italian) has an impact on their melodies and melodic contours. The song Jabuko Rumena ('The Reddish Apple') is an example of the newer (Dalmatinska gradska pjesma- Dalmatian urban songs) tradition of diatonic two-part singing in parallel thirds ending on thirds.


Preko (part 1)

(file wmv, 23", 468 Kb)



Preko (part 2)

(file wmv, 1'38", 1.83 Mb)



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